Red's Planet: Book 1
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There are signs of ancient floods on Mars, but now water mostly exists in icy dirt and thin clouds. On some Martian hillsides, there is evidence of liquid salty water in the ground.
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Also with an eye on future Red Planet explorations, the Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment ( MOXIE) technology demonstration will attempt to manufacture oxygen out of thin air – the Red Planet’s tenuous and mostly carbon dioxide atmosphere. The rover’s Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer ( MEDA) instrument, which has sensors on the mast and chassis, will provide key information about present-day Mars weather, climate, and dust. Mars has been in the news a lot recently with three separate missions being sent to explore the planet’s surface in 2021. Neil and Sam discuss our fascination with the 'Red Planet' and teach you related vocabulary. This week's question I'm joined today with Tina Seeger who's going to tell us a little bit about her role on the rover teams and why it's important.Tina Seeger: Well, in the ’90s, they came up with names on the fly. And that’s why you got silly names like “Barnacle Bill,”“Indiana Jones.” But now we compile a list of names ahead of time based on different themes. We draw a grid on the map where each square is a different quadrant that represents a different theme. Curiosity has used names from South America, Scotland; Perseverance uses names from national parks around the world.
NASA Mars Exploration
Some 28 miles (45 kilometers) wide, Jezero Crater sits on the western edge of Isidis Planitia, a giant impact basin just north of the Martian equator. Scientists have determined that 3.5 billion years ago the crater had its own river delta and was filled with water. NASA’s Mars Pathfinder mission, launched in 1996, put the first free-moving rover—called Sojourner—on the planet. Its successors include the rovers Spirit and Opportunity, which explored the planet for far longer than expected and returned more than 100,000 images before dust storms obliterated their solar panels in the 2010s. From its blood-like hue to its potential to sustain life, Mars has intrigued humankind for thousands of years. Learn how the red planet formed from gas and dust and what its polar ice caps mean for life as we know it.Once Ingenuity’s test flights are complete, the rover’s search for evidence of ancient microbial life will begin in earnest. NASA is studying new kinds of homes where astronauts could live in space. Scientists are studying how people in space could grow plants for food. By watching what happens to astronauts on the International Space Station, scientists are finding out how living in space affects humans. All of these studies and experiments are helping NASA get ready to send people to Mars. More About Mars
What Is Mars? (Grades K-4) - NASA What Is Mars? (Grades K-4) - NASA
Mars is kept company by two cratered moons — an inner moon named Phobos and an outer moon named Deimos. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/GSFC/Univ. of Arizona)Red's foster home certainly isn't the worst place she could be. It's a beautiful old farmhouse somewhere in the mid-west, there are lots of kids her age, and her foster parents, the ironically named Fosters, are good people. Still, they obviously have their hands full. For Red, it just isn't where she wants to be, and, when you are in a place like that, no matter how ideal the situation, you look for ways out. Whatever the Romans thought, civilisations throughout history have described looking into the night sky and seeing a bright, red light. But where does Mars’ characteristic colour come from? Although Red wants to be alone, she latches on to Goose a little bit, doesn't she? Is she just practical about recognizing that he knows the territory if nothing else.