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None of the Above: Reflections on Life Beyond the Binary

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Political and Constitutional Reform Committee – Inquiries – UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 1 July 2010 . Retrieved 7 May 2016. Alternatives should be stated clearly and concisely. Items that are excessively wordy assess students’ reading ability rather than their attainment of the learning objective

There have been PILs filed to 'strengthen' the impact of NOTA in 2016 and 2017 [35] [36] by providing it the Power to Reject - asking for re-elections if NOTA wins majority, and barring the rejected candidates from contesting. However, the Supreme Court responded to these PILs by stating that such a solution is 'unworkable' and stating that "holding an election in our country is a very serious and expensive business". [35] A: Have you ever traveled to Hungary, Romania or Croatian. B: No, none of the above, so I'm really looking forward to this trip. a b "The option of no choice is welcome but it doesn't quite empower the voter". Sunday-guardian.com.Burton, Steven J., Sudweeks, Richard R., Merrill, Paul F., and Wood, Bud. How to Prepare Better Multiple Choice Test Items: Guidelines for University Faculty, 1991. Maharashtra may hold re-election in local polls where NOTA got maximum votes". Hindustan Times. 2018-07-20. Archived from the original on 2019-03-23 . Retrieved 2018-12-24. NOTA has been described as the maturing of India's democracy. [18] The power of NOTA to express dissent is clearly visible in reports where entire communities decided to democratically protest against governments that have failed to meet their needs. For instance, there have been multiple cases of entire villages deciding to vote for NOTA due to consistent failure of local governments to meet basic requirements like roads, electricity, [19] [20] inaction towards villagers' complaints about water contamination by industries, [21] and even reports of sex workers who have been pushing for legalisation of their profession to get themselves covered under labour laws, but have received no government attention, deciding to go for NOTA. [22]

So how can you vote 'None of the Above' in the UK now, andmake the democratic case forNOTA on the ballot? Entities that include "None of the Above" on ballots as standard procedure include India ("None of the above"), Indonesia (kotak kosong, empty box), Greece (λευκό, white), the U.S. state of Nevada (None of These Candidates), Ukraine (Проти всіх, "against all"), Belarus, Spain (voto en blanco, "white vote"), North Korea and Colombia (voto en blanco). Russia had such an option on its ballots (Против всех, "against all") until it was abolished in 2006. Bangladesh introduced this option ("না ভোট" , "No Vote") in 2008. Pakistan introduced this option on ballot papers for the 2013 Pakistan elections, but the Election Commission of Pakistan later rejected it. Beginning with the 2016 presidential election, Bulgaria introduced a 'none of the above' option, which received 5.59% of the vote in the first round and 4.47% in the run-off.What is unclear is whether so far this protest has translated into compensatory action by the elected Government. However, while passing the NOTA ruling, the Chief Justice of India, P. Sathasivam, was quoted as stating “Giving right to a voter not to vote for any candidate while protecting his right of secrecy is extremely important in a democracy. Such an option gives the voter the right to express his disapproval of the kind of candidates being put up by the parties. Gradually, there will be a systemic change and the parties will be forced to accept the will of the people and field candidates who are known for their integrity.”. [23]

To make it indefensible for the Electoral Commission to dismiss your vote as 'voter intention uncertain' or 'spoilt', donot put a cross anywhere, and don't write anything more.(See ' Making Protest Votes Count') Shiv Pujan Jha (January 29, 2017). "NOTA only option: Over 1200 villagers from Uttar Pradesh's Lakhimpur to boycott Assembly election". India Today . Retrieved 2018-12-21. Voting for the Hugo Awards is by instant runoff voting, in which nominees for a category are ranked. There are normally seven options: six nominees, plus "No Award". A first preference vote for no award implies that the voter believes that either the category should be abolished, or that none of the nominees are worthy of an award. A second or subsequent preference implies that any higher-ranked nominees are worthy of an award, while those ranked lower are not.Voting for none of the above". Association for Reformed Political Action. 8 November 2007 . Retrieved 7 May 2016. Election Commission of India: Supreme Court's judgement for 'None of the Above' (NOTA) option on EVM - clarification" (PDF). Eci.nic.in . Retrieved 2017-04-02.

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